Compare and contrast two approaches to management by different organizations
However, analysts noticed that the output in those test groups increased independently from lighting conditions Pugh,p. If they have good leadership skills then they will get the trust from employees and the job will get done effectively.
Taylor named a number of different reasons, why the men worked very slowly and not as quickly as possible. Large factories operated by semi-skilled or unskilled workers were replacing small shops run by craftsmen.
A manager is accountable for the performance of his or her subordinates.
Compare and contrast the classical and human relations theories of management
There is a definite linkage between goal setting and performance. Mintzberg managed to this systematically by doing some research and found out that managers did not just organise, plan, co-ordinate or control but they tried to keep interpersonal relationships with employees, fulfilling certain tasks and communicating with employees. It was where all of the following theorists got their ideas from and then expanded on them. Even the computer, so important for the specialized work of the organization, has apparently had no influence on the work procedures of general managers. Similarities of scientific management and human relations theory 5. Conclusion 6. An appraisal and feedback system is an important part of goal setting. Define where leaders get their power and how they keep it or lose it when there are shifts in power. As against, F. With the help of these studies the enterprise was able to analyze in which way the output of employees change due to diversifying the conditions of employment. Unity of Command: An employee will receive orders from one boss only.
Hence, he creates rules and norms for each process. This is still present in current organisations and will be for organisations in the future.
Similarities between scientific management and human relations pdf
Nevertheless, one problem was left and this was about motivation. Moreover, it supported measures to improve team work, cooperation between management and the workforce, internal communication and social relationships Slattery, , p. Related Differences. Integration aims at ensuring that different sub-systems work towards common goals. Drucker suggested that management by objectives can be useful for managers for effectively managing the future direction of the organization. While Henry Fayol is an ardent proponent of the unity of command, F. Authority and Responsibility: Authority implies the right to give the command and obtain obedience and responsibility is the sense of dutifulness, that arises out of authority. Before Taylor developed this principle there was no selection or training of the workforce. Mintzberg suggests that managers have quite similar roles as they have to be able to be a leader and communicate well. Every worker should report to only one manager. Integration of the organizational sub-systems relates to differentiation and division of labour in the organization. Fayol had a traditional approach to the roles of managers where as Stewart and Mintzberg had more of a systems approach. Scalar Chain: Scalar chain implies the superior-subordinate relation, within the organization.
The process of goal setting Peter Drucker suggested thirty years ago that a systematic approach to goal setting and appraising by results leads to improved organizational performance and employee satisfaction.
Contribution of Henry Fayol To put into practice, the three components, i.
Furthermore this is a key determinant to translate scientific management from theory into practice Taylor,p.
based on 52 review