Examples of sacred places, areas and objects: the Vilcanota or Wilcamayu, the "Sacred River", which is a section of the Urubamba River, the Sacred Valley of the Incas, the Intihuatana Stone, the Golden Sun Disk, disk-shaped golden object representing the Sun - this was one of the most important Inca treasures that the Spaniards and many explorers and treasure hunters were looking for and some are still looking for to this day.
Families lived in groups called ayllus. The rest of the population was insignificant and their only duty was to serve to their masters, i.
However, despite such a geographical distance that separated these civilizations they had some similarities in their cultural, socio-economic and political life. There greatest art was ceramic which had real and mythological features painted on them.
At the age of 15, they endured tests of courage, strength, and discipline that lasted a month. Women who were sacrificed to the God of Corn had their heads cut off.
The Mayas civilization was already in decline under the influence of different natural factors that reduced the crops and consequently, productivity of Mayas economy, the attacks of other Indian tribes, etc.