The objectives of the letter from birmingham in 1963

letter from birmingham jail purpose

Two were extremists for immorality, and thus fell below their environment. The campaign was led by Dr.

Letter from birmingham jail analysis

Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue. First, I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate. You speak of our activity in Birmingham as extreme. There was a time when the church was very powerful -- in the time when the early Christians rejoiced at being deemed worthy to suffer for what they believed. But again I have been disappointed. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality. Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from the bondage of myths and half-truths to the unfettered realm of creative analysis and objective appraisal, so must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood. Perhaps Mr. I can assure you that it would have been much shorter if I had been writing from a comfortable desk, but what else can one do when he is alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers? If one recognizes this vital urge that has engulfed the Negro community, one should readily understand why public demonstrations are taking place. Never before have I written so long a letter. Yes, I see the church as the body of Christ. But is this a logical assertion?

They're not intended to be submitted as your own work, so we don't waste time removing every error. A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law, or the law of God.

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As the weeks and months went by, we realized that we were the victims of a broken promise. A few signs, briefly removed, returned; the others remained.

Letter from birmingham jail main points

My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent-resister may sound rather shocking. Even so, I am sure that, had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers. When I was suddenly catapulted into the leadership of the bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama, a few years ago, I felt we would be supported by the white church. If this philosophy had not emerged, by now many streets of the South would, I am convinced, be flowing with blood. Of course, there are some notable exceptions. I say this as a minister of the gospel, who loves the church; who was nurtured in its bosom; who has been sustained by its spiritual blessings and who will remain true to it as long as the cord of life shall lengthen. One who breaks an unjust law must do so openly, lovingly, and with a willingness to accept the penalty. You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider … We have waited for more than three hundred and forty years for our God-given and constitutional rights. I have beheld the impressive outlines of her massive religious-education buildings. Others have marched with us down nameless streets of the South. If one recognizes this vital urge that has engulfed the Negro community, one should readily understand why public demonstrations are taking place. But again I have been disappointed. King addressed the accusation that the Civil Rights Movement was "extreme", first disputing the label but then accepting it.

Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of massive resistance to desegregation. The Negro has many pent-up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them.

What is the main purpose of the letter from birmingham jail?

Durick, Rabbi Hilton L. One day the South will recognize its real heroes. I have traveled the length and breadth of Alabama, Mississippi and all the other southern states. To this, King confirmed that he and his fellow demonstrators were indeed using nonviolent direct action in order to create "constructive" tension. I have beheld the impressive outlines of her massive religious education buildings. This is certainly a legitimate concern. We are sadly mistaken if we feel that the election of Albert Boutwell as mayor will bring the millennium to Birmingham. But such an ordinance becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment privilege of peaceful assembly and protest. You speak of our activity in Birmingham as extreme. Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability; it comes through the tireless efforts of men willing to be coworkers with God, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. Isn't this like condemning a robbed man because his possession of money precipitated the evil act of robbery? Attorney General Robert Kennedy sent Burke Marshall, his chief civil rights assistant, to negotiate between the black citizens and Birmingham city business leadership. But again I am thankful to God that some noble souls from the ranks of organized religion have broken loose from the paralyzing chains of conformity and joined us as active partners in the struggle for freedom. It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority. In deep disappointment I have wept over the laxity of the church.

Things are different now. It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority.

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The Birmingham Campaign ()