The most treatment protocols focusing on early range of motion, reducing swelling, protected weight bearing, progression toward strengthening and stability exercises. A torn MCL can affect the stability of the knee. This stretches the ligaments on the inside of the knee too far or can tear them.
Your treatment will depend on how severe your injury is. How are tears in the medial collateral ligament treated? Once pain and swelling have gone down, you should be able to start exercises to restore strength and normal range of motion to your knee.
Physiotherapy helps to hasten the healing process via electrical modalities, massage, strengthening and joint exercises to guide the direction that the ligament fibres heal. Most people can return to their regular activities and sports within one to two weeks.
A torn medial collateral ligament is rarely treated with surgery. It is not uncommon for athletes to suffer tears of the medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament at the same time.
Clinical Botom Line A medial collateral ligament MCL injury is a stretch, partial tear, or complete tear of the ligament on the inside of the knee. You may need to reduce your activity for a few weeks.
This includes: Resting, icing and elevating the knee Taking pain relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, to ease pain and swelling Wearing a lightweight cast or brace that allows your knee to move backward and forward while restricting side-to-side movement.
For example, the MCL can be injured in football or soccer when the outside of the knee is hit.